Perceived Consequences Scale-Short Form (PCS-SF)
The Perceived Consequences Scale-Short Form (PCS-SF) measures the negative expectations or threats chronic pain patients often report whenever their pain increases.
Higher scores on the PCS-SF are associated with increased avoidance behavior, maladaptive beliefs about pain, and higher levels of dysfunction.
The PCS-SF should be used as an initial screening instrument to assist in treatment planning and to measure treatment progress and outcome.
The PCS-SF was designed for patients experiencing persistent non-malignant pain of at least twelve weeks duration. Patients must be able to read and understand English at the 7th to 8th grade reading level. Patients also need to be congitively intact, capable of making simple pencil marks, unless the test is read to them, and have sufficient stamina and concentration.
The Perceived Consequences Scale-Short Form (PCS-SF) was developed to measure the negative expectations or threats chronic pain patients often report whenever their pain increases.
Level II Requirements
The PCS-SF is a 24 item self-report questionnaire. Patients are required to rate the level of concern they have about different consequences occurring whenever their pain increases sharply.
The PCS-SF contains five subscales: Social interference, Physical Harm, Psychological Harm, Pain Exacerbation, and Productivity Interference.